Posts Tagged ‘Government’
Since Adolf Hitler’s failed attempts at establishing a â€œworld governmentâ€ through world domination in the early 1900s there have continued to be other attempts at establishing some form of world government in an attempt towards a more unified world, and therefore the possibility of eventually establishing world peace.
The Atlantic Charter was an agreement between Britain and the United States of America. It was initially formed to define things after World War II. This agreement ended up shaping many international agreements since that time.
Due to the impact of World War II and many of the acts against humanity as well as the use of Weapons of Mass Destruction during that war, people around the world were shocked and feared for the future of our world. There was obviously a need for more unification among the governments of the world. Therefore, in 1945 the United Nations (UN) was organized. Many felt, though, that the UN was simply a discussion forum among supreme governments and there was still a need for an efficient federal world government.
During the years between the end of World War II and 1950, at the beginning of the Korean War, there was a big push for the world federalist movement. Many books were written on the subject and organizations were formed. In 1947 the United World Federalists organization was formed. Through the years the official name of this organization changed, but their goals continued to be the same. By 1949 their membership had grown to 47,000 members. Throughout other countries around the world there were similar organizations being formed.
There continues to be attempts at establishing a true world government, and although many of these organizations have made great strides towards cooperation between nations, we are still far from having a working world government. With continued efforts, we may some day see a more workable solution which may take us one step closer to world peace.
One of the ways that people are able to navigate the idea of World Peace across the entire landscape of the world has to do with something know as international law. This is not simply a bill of rights or a short list of rules but rather real laws that relate to how one government of an independent nation interacts with another independent nation and it’s government. Now this law does not really focus on the rights of the citizens but rather the laws of the states. There are three legal areas where this idea of international law is used.
There is the public international law which monitors and regulates the relationship between provinces and again its international entities. This means it can govern international criminal law. Then there of course is the private international law which then of course there is supranational law which is the law of the supranational organizations. Basically these laws are in place to make sure that there are no people out there violating laws. Here’s where it becomes important: let’s say your country is shipping things to another country and you expect to be paid for them, by having an international law in place it ensures that you are going to be paid because even if that other country would like to withhold payment for any reason the international law will supersede the private laws and force payment. If payment is not collected then there will be consequences to pay.
There has to be an even playing field if people are going to be equal. Its hard to enact rules for one party but then ignore those rules for another party. So the question then is how do we do that? The answer is with things like the international law. This way everyone has a set of rules and standards that matter to everyone and if they aren’t followed then punishment will be enforced. It’s a big step and so far it’s the biggest step taken in the efforts for world peace.